Internet Protocol – IBG Play http://ibgplay.org/ Tue, 19 Oct 2021 17:54:41 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://ibgplay.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-5-150x150.png Internet Protocol – IBG Play http://ibgplay.org/ 32 32 Flight test: IPS capabilities allow secure real-time messaging from pilot to controller https://ibgplay.org/flight-test-ips-capabilities-allow-secure-real-time-messaging-from-pilot-to-controller/ https://ibgplay.org/flight-test-ips-capabilities-allow-secure-real-time-messaging-from-pilot-to-controller/#respond Tue, 19 Oct 2021 17:54:41 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/flight-test-ips-capabilities-allow-secure-real-time-messaging-from-pilot-to-controller/ In flight, data is transmitted to and from an aircraft which requires immediate action. Within seconds, these communications help the pilot make critical decisions about things like weather, flight path, and aircraft performance, which can have a significant impact on safety, speed, and performance. flight efficiency. For decades, the Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System […]]]>

In flight, data is transmitted to and from an aircraft which requires immediate action. Within seconds, these communications help the pilot make critical decisions about things like weather, flight path, and aircraft performance, which can have a significant impact on safety, speed, and performance. flight efficiency.

For decades, the Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) has transmitted these messages, making it one of the most important communication protocols in the industry. But as the aviation industry has evolved with smarter planes flying and generating more data, there is increasing congestion on the network. To allow these critical messages to pass securely, the ACARS roadmap has been adjusted to adapt to more modern technologies, including ACARS over IP and Internet Protocol Suite (IPS capabilities), which is rapidly becoming an area of ​​investment. growing in the industry.

In addition, the evolution of IPS capabilities from IPv4 to IPv6 expands the number of users and devices that can communicate over the Internet, including flight management systems that can send data through the traditional network or SATCOM to processors. on the ground. To keep up with the rapid development, industry partners are coming together to test IPS protocols and capabilities for the future.

Evolution of ACARS towards IPS communications

ICAO was one of the organizations that initially pushed for the development of IPS communication standards for the industry, and organizations such as the Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee (AEEC) continued to work on the development standards for aviation technology to effectively manage global airspace. Initially, the Future Air Navigation System (FANS) was developed to deliver ATC messages over data links. This is especially important when an aircraft travels along ocean routes that depend on communications and the use of satellites.

“Data communications are more reliable than voice communications and the delivery of these critical messages has to be fast,” explained Pragnesh Patel, senior director, ACARS Svc and Avionics at Collins Aerospace. “When an air traffic controller asks a pilot to make an adjustment while flying at high speed, action must be taken immediately.”

A delay in delivering this message could result in higher fuel consumption, longer travel times or the impact of weather incidents, Patel explained. As the future of air traffic management continues to evolve to create greater operational efficiency, the reliable and secure delivery of ATC messages will become even more important.

Industry and government collaboration

The adoption of these capabilities for aviation is not new. It is being developed in Europe as part of the Single European Sky initiative and in the United States as part of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) NextGen initiative. With FAA supporting the implementation of IPS capabilities, especially for CONUS air traffic service messaging over the next five years or so, industry is coming together to create a framework for IPS standards to ensure compatibility with future IP networks like IPv6.

Collins Aerospace has played an important role in working with industry and government to create the next set of IPv6 standards that would help modernize air traffic and airspace management. The future roadmap for ACARS over IP and the development of IPv6 protocol standards will provide greater consistency across the global industry.

“Earlier this year, our engineering team completed several standards related to ATN IPS and these have been adopted by the industry,” Patel said. As the standards were developed by the team and its collaborators, they demonstrated the viability of these solutions, Patel explained.

In-flight flight test with ecoDemonstator 2021

At the end of August 2021, a successful flight test was carried out in collaboration with Alaska Airlines, Boeing, Collins Aerospace, FAA, Honeywell and Inmarsat. The completed exercise tested interoperability, media independence and the safety of in-flight messaging.

The Boeing ecoDomonstrator, Alaska Airlines 737, was modified for flight test and fitted with terminals and routers that allow pilots to send ATC safety data and messages over the Collins Aerospace network, using the IPv6 protocols on two types of media: VDL Mode 2 VHF and SATCOM. Collins Aerospace developed the ground systems and supplied the IPS network and gateway systems, which are required to integrate and interact with new IPS aircraft as well as with existing operating systems and aircraft.

The last flight test proved that critical messages could be transmitted using end-to-end IPS communication in flight. The exercise also tested media switching between several types, including VHF and SATCOM, with positive results. In addition, the test demonstrated the conversion of the ACARS protocol as well as the connection to existing ACARS systems, providing FANS over IPS and multi-link and mobility. IPv6 inherently incorporates end-to-end encryption, ensuring the security of critical messages during air-to-ground and ground-to-ground transit.

On the horizon

Once the successful flight test and demonstration is completed and the proof of concept is underway, these industry partners along with the FAA will study the data and determine any improvements or adjustments needed, Patel explained. Once these adjustments are made, “a future test will be set up to show the prototyping,” he said. “If everything is on schedule, we expect ATN IPS capabilities to be available for use between five and eight years in US airspace. That said, Patel noted that Collins Aerospace continues to track and monitor technology and advancements and supports global initiatives to provide data communications over IP.


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The Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) Market To Show Rapid Growth With Revenues Of Approximately $ 21.70 Billion By 2024 https://ibgplay.org/the-manufacturing-execution-systems-mes-market-to-show-rapid-growth-with-revenues-of-approximately-21-70-billion-by-2024/ https://ibgplay.org/the-manufacturing-execution-systems-mes-market-to-show-rapid-growth-with-revenues-of-approximately-21-70-billion-by-2024/#respond Mon, 18 Oct 2021 14:30:00 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/the-manufacturing-execution-systems-mes-market-to-show-rapid-growth-with-revenues-of-approximately-21-70-billion-by-2024/ NEW YORK, October 18, 2021 / PRNewswire / – Zion Market Research has released a new market research report titled Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Market by Function (Quality Analysis, Document Control, Inventory Management, Production Tracking, Production Performance Analysis, Resource Allocation, etc.), by Processing (Oil & Gas, Food & Beverage, Chemicals, Power & Energy & Others) […]]]>

NEW YORK, October 18, 2021 / PRNewswire / – Zion Market Research has released a new market research report titled Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Market by Function (Quality Analysis, Document Control, Inventory Management, Production Tracking, Production Performance Analysis, Resource Allocation, etc.), by Processing (Oil & Gas, Food & Beverage, Chemicals, Power & Energy & Others) and By Discrete Industry (Automotive, Consumer Electronics, Aerospace & Defense, Metals & Mining, & Others): Global Industry Perspective, Analysis complete and forecast, by 2024 “. According to the report, the global manufacturing execution systems (MES) market was valued at approximately $ 9.28 billion in 2017 and is expected to reach approximately $ 21.70 billion by 2024, at a CAGR of approximately 12.90% between 2018 and 2024.

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The Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is a computer system that provides manufacturing process optimization and improvement solutions to engineers and managers. This system makes it possible to generate greater production at minimum cost by modifying the current conditions of the workshop. The manufacturing execution system links the ERP system and the process control system. It works in real time to control the multiple functions of the production process.

The growing need to effectively manage the evolving challenges of the manufacturing process is expected to drive the demand for the Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market across the globe. Many businesses face challenges when it comes to connecting hardware components to cloud computing. The cloud-based manufacturing runtime system helps connect these hardware components by assigning an Internet Protocol (IP) or Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) address to the device. The manufacturing execution system can integrate with other ERP systems in the organization and this factor is further expected to accelerate the manufacturing execution systems (MES) market growth globally. Integrating other ERP systems with MES will eliminate the need for stand-alone systems and provide better information on estimated order delivery dates, and improve decision making. However, the complex nature of the technology may restrain the growth of the global manufacturing execution systems (MES) market.

Get a sample PDF of this research report for more information with a table of contents, research methodology and graphics – https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/sample/manufacturing-execution-system-mes-market

The Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market is segmented on the basis of function, process industry, discrete industry, and region. On the basis of function, the market is divided into quality analysis, document control, inventory management, production monitoring, production performance analysis, resource allocation, etc. The process industry segment includes oil and gas, food and beverage, chemicals, power and energy, etc. Discrete industries in the Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market are Automotive, Consumer Electronics, Aerospace & Defense, Metallurgy & Mining, etc.

Geographic regions included in the Global Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) Market are North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa, which is then segmented into large countries. Among the regions, North America is expected to hold the largest share of the overall Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market. The flourishing manufacturing industry in the United States has contributed to the significant growth of the Execution Systems (MES) market in the North American region. The main reason for the growth of the market in North America the growing adoption of big data analytics by multiple organizations in Canada and the United States. The recent study by Dresner Advisory Services indicates that approximately 55% of North American organizations have already adopted big data analytics to improve their operational efficiency. Moreover, the increasing use of Internet of Things in the production process is further expected to support the growth of the Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market by North America.

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The major players operating in the global manufacturing execution systems (MES) market are Schneider Electric SA, SAP, Werum Software and Systems, Siemens AG, Rockwell Automation Inc., General Electric Co. (GE), Eyelit Inc., Operator System Aps, Honeywell International Inc., Emerson Electric Co., Apriso Corporation, Andea Solutions, ABB Ltd. and others.

The report segments the global Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) market as follows:

Global Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Market: Function Segment Analysis

Global Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Market: Process Industry Segment Analysis

  • Oil and gas

  • Food and drinks

  • Chemical

  • Power and energy

  • Others

Global Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Market: Discrete Industry Segment Analysis

  • Automotive

  • Consumer electronics

  • Aeronautics and Defense

  • Metal and mining

  • Others

Educate yourself before purchasing this research report – https://www.zionmarketresearch.com/inquiry/manufacturing-execution-system-mes-market

By region

North America

Europe

  • France

  • Great Britain

  • Spain

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific

  • China

  • Japan

  • India

  • South Korea

  • South East Asia

  • Rest of Asia Pacific

Latin America

  • Brazil

  • Mexico

  • Rest of Latin America

Middle East & Africa

Browse other related research reports from Zion Market Research

About Us:

Zion Market Research is a committed business. We create futuristic, cutting-edge informative reports ranging from industry reports, company reports to country reports. We provide our clients with not only market statistics unveiled by recognized private publishers and public organizations, but also trend reports and the latest industry reports as well as profiles of preeminent and niche companies. Our database of market research reports includes a wide variety of reports from cardinal industries. Our database is constantly updated in order to provide our customers with fast and direct online access to our database. With customer needs in mind, we have included expert information on global industries, products and market trends in this database. Last but not least, we make a point of ensuring the success of the clients who are related to us, after all, if you are doing well, a little light shines on us.

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Is cryptocurrency the next dot-com bubble waiting to burst? https://ibgplay.org/is-cryptocurrency-the-next-dot-com-bubble-waiting-to-burst/ https://ibgplay.org/is-cryptocurrency-the-next-dot-com-bubble-waiting-to-burst/#respond Sat, 16 Oct 2021 19:23:59 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/is-cryptocurrency-the-next-dot-com-bubble-waiting-to-burst/ Photo credit: Federal Trade Commission Blockchain and DeFi are in their infancy and have a long way to go It looks like another perfect storm is forming on the horizon. This time around, it will be the next-generation Internet ecosystem based on Blockchain technology, first introduced by the Bitcoin system development team 12 years ago. […]]]>
Photo credit: Federal Trade Commission

Blockchain and DeFi are in their infancy and have a long way to go

It looks like another perfect storm is forming on the horizon. This time around, it will be the next-generation Internet ecosystem based on Blockchain technology, first introduced by the Bitcoin system development team 12 years ago. There is no doubt that in theory this is a promising innovation.

The problem is, blockchain is touted as a panacea for all internet ills such as data security, privacy, network vulnerability and hacking, and ransomware. It’s too early to predict your own long-term well-being.

The danger lies in the widespread adoption of this unproven innovation – with the exception of the limited movements of cryptocurrencies – in the world of financial systems without proving its effectiveness in the global financial network which is the backbone of the current economic order.

This time around, it may be a combined hurricane and tsunami, as internet innovation in blockchain technology facilitates Ponzi-like schemes in the name of cryptocurrencies and decentralized financing.

Cryptocurrencies can be a new form of legitimate asset, or a neatly organized deck of cards waiting for a domino effect for their downfall. We must wait and see.

Read: As Bitcoin Loses Speed, Blockchain Moves To The Next Generation (September 10, 2021)

For the uninitiated, Blockchain is an innovative technology that can democratize the centralized and authoritarian world of financial systems. In theory, it can bring transformational changes to financial transactions by creating more fair and egalitarian market systems. Operating autonomously without central control, it can reduce the cost of all financial transactions. In other words, it may sound like a dream come true.

What is blockchain?

Blockchain is a software enhancement of the current Internet infrastructure. Blockchain protocols impose a few additional features on the current internet establishment.

It is primarily a system of decentralized peer-to-peer network architectures that communicate with each other. There is no central computer, as in the case of client-server cloud computing.

All node computers are connected to a network and all have the same privilege as the same software that runs them.

Data transmission is enabled over TCP / IP as usual, but the data is cryptographically scripted for data privacy.

The data is stored in a chained ledger with a creation time timestamp. Data chaining is used by mathematical algorithms called cryptography to maintain confidentiality and secure the identity of the parties involved. This concept is called hashing.

The recorded data is immutable, which means that it cannot be updated, modified or deleted from the chain.

User identity is managed by PKI, which stands for public key infrastructure technique, a tedious process that guarantees the authority and authenticity of the system user.

The most important feature of this network system is that it works autonomously on the basis of software consensus algorithms and does not require any manual intervention at any time.

In addition, all network and computer operating costs are paid by individual transactions upon completion.

What are cryptocurrencies?

Cryptocurrencies or digital currencies are virtual currencies generated by a system based on Blockchain technology.

They are privately promoted digital currencies without government authorization or control. Their value is very volatile and can fluctuate depending on their supply and demand. Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency. Today, there are tens of thousands of cryptocurrencies valued at over $ 2,000 billion on the market.

Read: Lure of Bitcoins: greed blinds even the wisest to risk (February 24, 2021)

What is DeFi?

DeFi is a buzzword for decentralized finance. It is an approach to develop a network of systems to independently operate financial transactions that are distributed worldwide without central control.

The DeFi community is organized in the form of Wallets, Exchanges, Data Miners. The wallet is where an individual user’s assets are recorded and stored. An exchange is the system where an individual can exchange fiat currency for crypto assets and vice versa. A Data Miner is the computer installation where data is recorded and distributed cryptographically in chained record blocks. All these three entities are connected by a secure peer-to-peer network.

Financial applications can be developed using Blockchain technology to enable all existing financial and asset-based transactions independent of central control.

Such applications are developed using a concept called Smart Contract.

Smart Contract is a software module, similar to Internet AAP, called Dapp String Codes, developed in one of the appropriate programming languages ​​to execute full terms, binding conditions and actions in order to complete a transaction initiated by the ‘user.

There are several cryptocurrency platforms developed using Blockchain for DeFi applications. The very first was Bitcoin, followed by Ethereum.

Some of the other DeFi platforms are Avalanche, Hyperledger, Polkodot, Solano, and Cardano. Popular crypto exchanges are Coinbase, Coinbureau, and Binance.

ICO, or Initial Coin Offering, is the process by which cryptocurrencies originate. Its counterpart in the DeFi ecosystem includes Altcoins and digital tokens.

Altcoin Tether stands for Stable Coin, which is proclaimed as a supported dollar reserve. A stable coin is equivalent to one US dollar in the crypto world. However, there is no accountability, transparency, traceability or oversight under GAAP on such claims.

Recently, US government regulators demanded that basic identity be captured by exchanges for trading in cryptocurrencies. This regulation is called KYI, or “know your customer”, AML – “anti-money laundering”.

There are many flaws in this DeFi ecosystem. Noteworthy is a story published in the media about the Tether-Stable coin issued by Tether Holdings, an offshore company. The company has issued more than $ 66 billion in Tether to date. Company officials are unable to positively demonstrate its reservations to US authorities in New York. The crypto community is worried that if investors run for their money, the system could collapse and investors will be left behind.

A recent IMF research paper criticized the sale of these assets under the shadow of cryptocurrencies to unsuspecting investors out of thin air.

It can be pointed out that there are many crypto experts and gurus who regularly promote cryptocurrencies, including the one in question, Tether, through YouTube and similar media platforms.

Read: 10 Reasons Why The Cryptocurrency Bubble Is Shattering (May 24, 2021)

Investors should be aware of the danger inherent in this innovation. It is a potential bubble that can not only devastate crypto investors, but also affect the normal financial system around the world. The liquidity of cryptocurrencies directly or indirectly concerns some of the major international banks.

To conclude, if the bubble bursts, it is again technology, a devil embodied in the form of the DeFi protocol. Blockchain and DeFi are in their infancy and have a long way to go.

(The author is neither an opponent nor a supporter of DeFi ecosystems. He is passionate about technology and curious about the effectiveness of such transformational changes. The opinions expressed here are based on his own reading and on articles and documents. publicly available research.)


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VoIP DDoS Attacks and the Urgent Need for DDoS Protection https://ibgplay.org/voip-ddos-attacks-and-the-urgent-need-for-ddos-protection/ https://ibgplay.org/voip-ddos-attacks-and-the-urgent-need-for-ddos-protection/#respond Sat, 16 Oct 2021 01:25:17 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/voip-ddos-attacks-and-the-urgent-need-for-ddos-protection/ VoIP companies have recently been the target of a series of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks around the world with UK-based VoIP providers including VoIP Unlimited and Quebec-based VoIP.ms being affected by aggressive and sustained attacks destabilizing their infrastructure and massively disrupting services. These DDoS attacks against VoIP providers made headlines and, according to […]]]>

VoIP companies have recently been the target of a series of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks around the world with UK-based VoIP providers including VoIP Unlimited and Quebec-based VoIP.ms being affected by aggressive and sustained attacks destabilizing their infrastructure and massively disrupting services.

These DDoS attacks against VoIP providers made headlines and, according to Hackread.com, the attacks on VoIP.ms began on September 16, targeting their DNS name servers and other infrastructure to disrupt their telephony services, thus preventing people from making or receiving calls. . The company’s website remained difficult to access for a few days after the attacks were first acknowledged.

A group known as REvil has claimed responsibility for these DDoS attacks on the VoIP sector, demanding 1 bitcoin (approximately $ 55,000) from VoIP.ms to stop the attacks, but it is not known if it is from the prolific ransomware group of the same name. Unlimited VoIP also claimed to have received a massive ransom demand to stop the attacks.

Increase in DDoS attacks on VoIP in the telecommunications sector

Imperva Research Labs has monitored a significant increase in DDoS incidents targeting the telecommunications industry, which includes VoIP providers, since July 2021. Of particular note is the significant increase in September, which illustrates the scale of DDoS attacks on the VoIP problem facing telecom providers. .

Number of monitored Layer 7 DDoS attacks on telecommunications and ISPs from January to September 2021

The majority (95%) of volumetric network DDoS attacks against the telecommunications industry are UDP attacks, especially UDP waste streams which can have a significant impact on VoIP traffic.

What is VoIP?

VoIP, or Voice over Internet Protocol, is a set of protocols that make phone calls and multimedia sessions available on the Internet. One of the main benefits of using VoIP is the cost savings achieved by making calls over the Internet and eliminating the need for expensive hardware infrastructure. Another benefit of VoIP technology, especially in recent times, is the ease of accessibility thanks to cloud-based VoIP providers that allow teams to stay connected even from a distance.

Speed ​​and latency at the heart of VoIP technology

To operate successfully and provide fast and reliable service, VoIP technology relies on a strong and stable Internet connection. Any disruption in network bandwidth can impact performance and make an organization vulnerable to DDoS attacks over VoIP. On top of that, latency and jitter are also common connection issues for any voice and video based technology. These issues can have a big impact on user experience and call quality.

Every message communicated online, whether by email, video or audio, is broken down into small fragments that are reassembled at their destination to create the original message or a data stream. Latency and jitter occur when these packets reach lags, are lost, or are not reassembled correctly. One of the main causes of latency and jitter is poor internet connection with limited capacity. And what better way to create excessive bandwidth usage on your network than with DDoS attacks over VoIP.

To ensure speed, performance and reliability and to guard against DDoS attacks over VoIP, vendors need robust DDoS protection in place to maintain capacity and minimize load and latency on their networks.

Imperva can mitigate DDoS attacks over VoIP and protect VoIP infrastructure with our 47 PoP global network with a cleaning capacity of over 9 Tbps. Our efficient automated mitigation and evolving threat intelligence, coupled with our proprietary and dedicated cleaning technology, give us sufficient processing and mitigation capability to accurately cancel noise and facilitate the needs that VoIP traffic has. need to support exceptional video and voice quality of service.

Add to that our proximity to hubs and internet exchanges and our ability to clean up over 65 billion packets per second, we can resist and mitigate any attack of any size without introducing high latency or jitter, in less than 3 seconds. for our customers who are still active.

Our recommendation is that all businesses invest in permanent DDoS protection that can mitigate VoIP DDoS attacks and other attacks within seconds.

If your organization has been the target of a DDoS attack or a DDoS ransom threat, we can help you mitigate the attack with minimal disruption to your services and customers. Visit our DDoS Protection page to find out how we do it.

Post DDoS attacks on VoIP and the urgent need for DDoS protection appeared first on Blog.

*** This is a syndicated Security Bloggers Network Blog blog written by Grainne McKeever. Read the original post at: https://www.imperva.com/blog/ddos-attacks-on-voip-and-the-urgent-need-for-ddos-protection/


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CCNA or CCNP Certification – Know the best certificate for you https://ibgplay.org/ccna-or-ccnp-certification-know-the-best-certificate-for-you/ https://ibgplay.org/ccna-or-ccnp-certification-know-the-best-certificate-for-you/#respond Wed, 13 Oct 2021 14:39:38 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/ccna-or-ccnp-certification-know-the-best-certificate-for-you/ When it comes to the credentials of computer networking knowledge, none are as prestigious and sought after as those offered by Cisco. Cisco certifications, especially CCNA and CCNP – are considerably difficult and require proper planning, training and practice. Cisco Certified Network Associate is the first step for a network engineer. The next step in […]]]>

When it comes to the credentials of computer networking knowledge, none are as prestigious and sought after as those offered by Cisco.

Cisco certifications, especially CCNA and CCNP – are considerably difficult and require proper planning, training and practice. Cisco Certified Network Associate is the first step for a network engineer. The next step in this learning path is the Cisco Certified Network Professional, or CCNP certificate, which is near the top of all network specialty certifications available. Cisco requires professionals to recertify CCNA / CCNP credentials every three years to ensure candidates stay current with the latest network technologies. Enrolling in the voucher can make a difference in a professional’s initial efforts and even be the factor for success with distinction.

CCNA

This certification, known as Cisco Certified Network Associate, is a computer network certification suitable for various engineers. Engineers, system administrators, network support engineers, and network specialists are all part of this group.

Many computer network engineers want to achieve CCNA certification because it covers a wide variety of networking principles. It will also help applicants better prepare for future networking technologies they would be working on.

A specialist’s ability to install, configure, design, debug, and manage an intermediate routed and switched Cisco CCNA certification validates the network. There are currently many CCNA courses available online.

Types of Cisco Certified Network Associates

● CCNA Security

● CCNA routing and switching

● CCNA Cloud

● CCNA Industrial Factories

Importance of CCNA Certification

The work you will be doing in the The CCNA course or training will not only help you prepare for the test, but will also help you acquire the essential skills you will need for various types of IT jobs that employ Cisco Systems. It also involves gaining a broad understanding of computer networks. Users will explore ideas in CCNA training that will help them understand the larger picture of networking.

Certifications such as the CCNA course or certification help workers qualify for promotions and career opportunities once they have been recruited. As a result, you can expect to earn even more money. In addition, the CCNA course shows that you have in-depth knowledge, skills and practical expertise with the principles of network systems.

CCNP

Cisco’s professional-level network certification is the CCNP. It checks the breadth and depth of your technological expertise. Enterprise Data Center, Security, Service Provider, and Collaboration are the five courses available to CCNP.

Advanced routing, SD-WAN, network design, wireless design, wireless implementation, and automation in corporate networks are covered by all five CCNP exams. To earn the CCNP Professional certification, you must pass a concentration test in addition to the basic exam.

Types of CCNP certification

● CCDP

● CCNP collaboration

● CCNP Cloud

● CCNP Data Center

● CCNP security

● CCNP routing and switching

● CCNP service provider

● Wireless CCNP

Importance of CCNP certification

Cisco CCNP certifications provide engineers with a theoretical and practical understanding of network connections. The router capabilities of a network engineer, for example, are undoubtedly used and developed as a result of certification.

You can use the certification to access various network devices, including switches, routers, and DSLAMs, to validate various flow types and parameters.

The certification covers a wide range of levels and topics associated with working with routed and switched networks. Installation, training, operation and troubleshooting are all critical capabilities.

Passing the CCNP certification test demonstrates that you have a deep understanding of the complexity of the network. In addition, you will get more information and skills from the many hands-on experiences.

Certification cost for CCNA and CCNP

The cost of CCNA certification or CCNA course fees is $ 300. The cost for CCNP code 350-xxx certification is $ 400, and CCNP code 300-xxx certification exams cost $ 300.

Exam details

CCNA

You must pass the 200-301 Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) course to become a CCNA. Network basics, networking, internet protocol connection, internet protocol services, security basics, automation, and programmability are all covered in this exam.

The CCNA 200-301 certification test lasts 120 minutes and consists of 100 to 120 questions. To pass this exam, you will need to achieve a score of approximately 850 out of 1000.

CCNP

To pass the, you must pass a basic exam, the ENCOR 350-401 test, which covers fundamental business technologies. The second test is a corporate orientation exam of your choice, requiring you to modify your certification to suit your interests.

The Cisco Enterprise Network Core Technologies Installation and Operation basic exam (ENCOR 350-401) checks your understanding of enterprise infrastructure, including virtualization, architecture, security, assurance network and automation.

The CCNP 350-401 ENCOR test lasts 120 minutes and has approximately 100 questions. To pass this exam, you will need to achieve a score of approximately 825 out of 1,000.

In conclusion, whatever Cisco CCNA certification or CCNP certification you choose, you will be able to advance your career in networking. The need for networking professionals is increasing; hence, now is the best time to get one of these two networking certifications.

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Posted on: Wednesday October 13, 2021, 8:16 PM IST


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Omegle is where strangers meet online for video chat now! https://ibgplay.org/omegle-is-where-strangers-meet-online-for-video-chat-now/ https://ibgplay.org/omegle-is-where-strangers-meet-online-for-video-chat-now/#respond Tue, 12 Oct 2021 08:03:40 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/omegle-is-where-strangers-meet-online-for-video-chat-now/ There are ways to connect with people who have the same interests or beliefs as you. One option is to join an online club. We have all heard of the benefits of online chat and how it can build friendships and relationships. What if there was an app that made dating easier? There are! Omegle.com […]]]>

There are ways to connect with people who have the same interests or beliefs as you. One option is to join an online club. We have all heard of the benefits of online chat and how it can build friendships and relationships. What if there was an app that made dating easier? There are! Omegle.com is a fantastic webcam chat app with a variety of options to help you find your perfect match. However, if you are looking to broaden your horizons towards something fresh, modern, and on-trend, then visit the best Omegle alternatives mentioned below.

Omegle-like websites join together to form the Omegle Club

There are many websites that offer a trendy alternative to Omegle’s unknown video chat. They are more refined, sophisticated, trendy and professional Omegle alternatives. When you’re on Omegle, you’ll likely meet people who are looking for nothing more than fun. However, you are more likely to meet genuine people at the following sites which we have grouped together under the Omegle club name:

1) Omegle

It’s different from other social media sites because it doesn’t require registration, instead relying on anonymity through usernames and webcam images. The blog posts on Omegle.ws will provide information on Omegle’s features and tips so that users can make informed decisions about what to do when using this type of website!

2) Strangercamchat.com

If you are looking for a great way to spend your free time, visit strangercamchat.com. This is one of the best online random chat sites with strangers out there, and it’s easy! One of the many features that make this site so popular is its simplicity. It is very user friendly which means anyone can use it whether they are tech-savvy or not!

3) 2yu.co

2yu.co is a great site for those who want to chat with people around the world, especially the American and European audiences. You’ll never run out of people to talk to.

2yu.co is preferred because it is a completely free platform to use. This provides a higher level of security than other chat servers. Users choose Omegle because it doesn’t require users to disclose their identity. We meet and converse with random strangers. Additionally, a user has the option to share photos and videos.

4) Omegle.club

Omegle and other video chat services are a great way to connect with people around the world. However, it’s important to remember that you can’t always tell who is on the other end of these conversations. The Omegle.club blog provides the best tips for using Omegle and video chatting.

5) echat.date

As the name suggests, this is one of the best dating sites available on the internet. Whether you are looking for love, need an instant date, or just want to talk, this site can help you achieve your goal.

6) Talk2stranger.com

Talk2stranger is a random chat network where strangers meet via text and video chat. This allows you to meet them, because the world is full of interesting people. Start interacting and communicating with the rest of the world.

7) Topchat.com

This foreigner chat site contains a variety of chat rooms, including national chat rooms, English and Hindi chat rooms, and more.

8) Chatrooms.date

This platform has the particularity of allowing you to create your own group chat room or join one of the hundreds already created by users. Private chat rooms are a type of private messaging system that allows you to communicate privately with another user outside of the group chat room.

9) Omegle-chat.com

Omegle-chat.com is a widely used chat application globally. Young people love this site because of its social features, which include the ability to share videos and photos and join their native discussion forums. When users are conversing, they can switch to video calls for an incredibly long period of time.

10) Chatliv.com

Chatliv reigns supreme in the arena of strangers conversation. Since its debut in 2014, the site has grown into one of the best Omegle alternatives, offering both free and premium services.

From the simple chat of the 1990s to the Omegle chat of today, live video calling and internet chats have been popular fads.

There was a time when the internet of the 90s was filled with various spaces of sociability, catering to specialized categories and celebrities, likes and dislikes, somewhat chaotic and inundated with early graphics and animation. – it was a space to get lost in. Users created and maintained identities with meaningful usernames and chat IDs, or pseudonyms.

We can argue that online chat is the same today, and in some ways it is, but with the rapid standardization of browsers, the decline of homepages, the advancement of mobile networks and success. of a few social networking platforms, there can be no doubt that over the past decade our network has significantly altered our interactions and therefore our personal identities.

In the 1990s, Internet Protocol based video conferencing was made possible and advanced video compression technology was created that enabled personal computers, also known as desktop computer (PC) video conferencing. It continued to evolve, then came Yahoo Messenger in 1998.

Yahoo! The cat, once a thriving enclave, is like a living monument from another era, a ghost town overrun not by gossip per se, but by chatbots. Entire rooms once existed with various themes, topics, sub-topics, and subjects with rarely a living human in sight. You couldn’t help but imagine the bot-2-bot conversation, an endless loop of automated responses, endlessly. But today he is officially dead now.

Then, with the launch of social media such as Facebook, Reddit, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Snapchat, and Tiktok, it has garnered a lot of attention with over 5 billion mobile devices right now.

Perhaps it’s no surprise that Omegle has arrived in the age of Facebook, where etiquette and responsibility threaten to take some of the fun out of surfing the web. According to ahrefs, omegle.com currently has over 72 million monthly active users and its base continues to grow. And when it comes to the Omegle club, it looks like Omegle alternatives are taking the lead right now.

Humans are social beings. Human interaction is the engine of commerce. These two realities will continue to drive social media trends from sites like Facebook to Omegle sites throughout the next decade and beyond.

No matter how popular Omegle video chat and other new alternatives may be, text chat will never go out of style because:

1) You have more time to think about your answers and questions.

2) Your appearance doesn’t matter.

3) Mindfulness is less important. You can be witty or funny.

4) Pretending to smile is easy and it’s easier, to be honest

What is Omegle used for at the present time? And why look for Omegle alternatives?

Technology has come a long way since the days of Yahoo discussion forums. The evolution from Yahoo Messenger to Facebook Chat and now to Omegle Chat Club is nothing short of remarkable. With chat rooms, video chats, and text chats all being a big part of the social media landscape, it’s easy to get drawn into one type of digital communication.

Not all chat systems are created equal – just because a system is used a lot or more fashionable doesn’t necessarily mean it is the most effective or efficient tool to get into. contact with people ! In order to interact with different people everywhere, we need to make sure that we have an effective mix of chat systems accessible from any device or browser.

If you are a shy introvert around strangers. Or you just want to chat privately for fun. Then use these omegle chat sites. These anonymous chat apps will allow you to meet new people with just a few clicks. Some apps even let you chat directly with people without requiring a connection.


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Alexander: How to prevent Windows from rearranging your screen https://ibgplay.org/alexander-how-to-prevent-windows-from-rearranging-your-screen/ https://ibgplay.org/alexander-how-to-prevent-windows-from-rearranging-your-screen/#respond Sun, 10 Oct 2021 19:01:25 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/alexander-how-to-prevent-windows-from-rearranging-your-screen/ Q: I like to leave my PC screen windows open and arranged a certain way. The open windows include Excel and Word files, photos, a Web browser and a command prompt (C: ). But when I leave the PC for a while, Windows 10 rearranges these open windows. How can I prevent that? JIM CARLSON, […]]]>

Q: I like to leave my PC screen windows open and arranged a certain way. The open windows include Excel and Word files, photos, a Web browser and a command prompt (C: ). But when I leave the PC for a while, Windows 10 rearranges these open windows. How can I prevent that?

JIM CARLSON, Tucson, Ariz.

TO: This problem has been around for several years, but Microsoft is expected to fix it in Windows 11, which will be a free upgrade to Windows 10.

While the problem supposedly affects only computers that use more than one monitor (another name for computer screen), it also appears to affect PCs that have received software driver updates for a monitor. (A software driver allows the monitor to communicate with Windows 10.)

Here’s what happens: When you return to your PC, Windows 10 awakens from “sleep mode” (an energy-saving feature) and looks for the monitor it should “wake up.” To do that, it looks at a list inside Windows 10 that includes every monitor that’s ever been connected to that PC. It then picks what seems to be the correct monitor.

If Windows 10 picks the right monitor from the list, the open windows on your screen will appear just as they did before the PC entered sleep mode. But if the operating system picks the wrong monitor, any open windows may be rearranged (resized or moved).

Unfortunately, Windows 10 seems to treat any monitor with an updated software driver as a “new” monitor. As a result, even a PC that has never used more than one monitor may have a list of several that Windows 10 can choose from – sometimes with bad results.

There are two ways you can try to fix this problem:

  • Wait for Windows 11 to be downloaded to your PC and see if the problem has been fixed. However, that may take a while. Although Windows 11 was introduced this month, Microsoft says it won’t be downloaded to all eligible PCs until mid-2022. (To see if your PC meets the requirements to run Windows 11, you can download Microsoft’s “PC Health Check” app by going to tinyurl.com/4ayc3w66). Note: While Microsoft says all your files and data should transfer to Windows 11, you should back them up before installing the new operating system.
  • Try a fix that has worked for some people. Open Control Panel, choose “device manager” and, in the resulting list, click the arrow beside “monitors.” Delete any monitor listed that’s not in use (it should have a light-colored icon or be covered by a light color.)

Q: When I search online for products or services, the ones that are supposed to be “near me” often aren’t close by – they may be elsewhere in the state. How can I limit my search results to places that are nearby?

JOHN WEZOWICZ, Suffield, Conn.

TO: Your search results are wrong because your PC isn’t sharing your specific location. As a result, Windows must guess where you are based on GPS, nearby Wi-Fi hotspots or your IP (internet protocol) address. If you want to give out your exact location, open Windows settings and click “privacy.” In the resulting menu, click “location” and make sure that “allow access to location on this device” and “allow apps to access your location” are turned on. Under “default location” click “set default” and type in your street address. Under “choose which apps can access your precise location,” turn on “desktop app Web viewer” and “maps.”

E-mail tech questions to steve.j.alexander@gmail.com or write to Tech Q&A, 650 3rd Av. S., Suite 1300, Minneapolis, MN 55488. Include name, city and telephone number.


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Online train tickets would not be reserved if VPS is used – The New Indian Express https://ibgplay.org/online-train-tickets-would-not-be-reserved-if-vps-is-used-the-new-indian-express/ https://ibgplay.org/online-train-tickets-would-not-be-reserved-if-vps-is-used-the-new-indian-express/#respond Sat, 09 Oct 2021 18:28:00 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/online-train-tickets-would-not-be-reserved-if-vps-is-used-the-new-indian-express/ Through Express news service NEW DELHI: Reservations of train tickets, in particular Tatkal or Tatkal premium category, may not be possible if users try to book online through Virtual Private Server (VPS). Following ongoing monitoring undertaken to detect the use of illegal software to purchase tickets online, the ministry found that the majority of touts […]]]>

Through Express news service

NEW DELHI: Reservations of train tickets, in particular Tatkal or Tatkal premium category, may not be possible if users try to book online through Virtual Private Server (VPS).

Following ongoing monitoring undertaken to detect the use of illegal software to purchase tickets online, the ministry found that the majority of touts use VPS to mask Internet Protocol (IP) addresses to book train tickets, which makes it difficult to track their original locations. Therefore, the Ministry of Railways suggested the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), the ministry-owned train ticket reservation website, and the Center for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) to block the traffic. going through VPS, especially from a particular web service, which pins Mumbai as the default IP address location, to prevent soliciting activity.

CRIS designs, develops, implements and maintains most of the major information systems of Indian railways.

Besides blocking foreign IP addresses, implementing better algorithms to apply Captchas (response test used to determine if the user is human or not), disabling the copy and paste option on the web page of IRCTC to stop one-time password autofill (OTP) and restrict the window of time to fill in passenger details are further recommendations for upgrading the portal sent this week earlier.

The suggestion note sent to the two agencies further stated that answers to security questions should not be predictable or handled by automation tools.

“Regular passengers / agents do not use VPS for booking. Therefore, blocking traffic from VPSs can restrict the most boastful activities … Even developers try to integrate captcha solvers into automation software. Therefore, it is demanded to implement better algorithms to apply captchas for efficient work ”, reads the note.

The Railways Computerization & Information System (C&IS) division also received these suggestions.

Ticket reservations by illegal agents or touts have long been a major problem and the ministry continues to take measures to prevent such activities, which also result in financial losses. It had also deployed several controls to limit them. The Railroad Protection Force (RFP) regularly campaigns to examine the matter, an official said.

“The developers of illegal software Tatkal have found ways to automatically populate these OTPs by developing OTP reader applications that will read OTP in mobile communications with software and extensions installed on computers, allowing OTPs to be submitted quickly. Therefore, it is requested to restrict the copy and paste option in IRCTC website and Android applications… by doing so, all automation activities on NGeT (New Generation E-Ticketing) websites can effectively be stopped ” , indicates the document.


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Robots are dropping as FCC rules come into effect; defenders say more needs to be done https://ibgplay.org/robots-are-dropping-as-fcc-rules-come-into-effect-defenders-say-more-needs-to-be-done/ https://ibgplay.org/robots-are-dropping-as-fcc-rules-come-into-effect-defenders-say-more-needs-to-be-done/#respond Fri, 08 Oct 2021 14:29:00 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/robots-are-dropping-as-fcc-rules-come-into-effect-defenders-say-more-needs-to-be-done/ WASHINGTON – Automated calls to Arizona residents fell by more than 3 million in July, to about 84.4 million for the month, as the first phase of a new federal mandate went into effect that requires companies to implement anti-robocall measures. But consumer advocates say telephone companies could do more. A report last month from […]]]>

WASHINGTON – Automated calls to Arizona residents fell by more than 3 million in July, to about 84.4 million for the month, as the first phase of a new federal mandate went into effect that requires companies to implement anti-robocall measures.

But consumer advocates say telephone companies could do more.

A report last month from the US Public Interest Research Group Education Fund found that only 16 of the country’s 49 largest telephone companies had fully implemented STIR / SHAKEN technology by the September 28 deadline, and another 18 had it. had partially implemented.

In Arizona, of the 18 who reported to the Federal Communications Commission, seven said they had fully integrated the system and 11 did so partially. Another state supplier had not reported to the FCC on September 28, the USPIRG said.

The FCC rule gave the top five operators a June 30 deadline to install the Secure Telephone Identity Revisited (STIR) / SHAKEN (Signature-based Handling of Asserted Information Using toKENs) system, which allows providers to authenticate caller ID in order to reduce fraudulent robocalls. . Small carriers have had until September 28 to report on their progress on the new program.

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The FCC did not respond to calls about the progress of providers. But Diane Brown, executive director of the ArizonaPIRG Education Fund, said companies were falling short.

“Our research showed that more than half of the companies that reported their status to the Federal Communications Commission were not using industry standards, but instead were using their own methods to handle robocalls,” Brown said.

“Businesses should always use the highest standards to protect consumers,” Brown said as STIR / SHAKEN.

This was echoed by YouMail CEO Alex Quilici.

“It’s definitely not enough for these guys to create their own plan,” said Quilici, whose company tracks spam and robocalls.

“Some of the plans that have been filed with the FCC are simply ‘We promise to watch out for bad robocalls and stop them’, and that’s the extent of that,” he said. “Just asking a transporter to drop a shot and saying, ‘I promise to be a good guy,’ isn’t going to cut it.”

Lumen Technologies, which operates in Arizona as CenturyLink, said in an emailed statement that it understands the frustration with illegal robocalls and is working to stop them.

“We have deployed STIR / SHAKEN call authentication technology on the Internet Protocol (IP) portions of our network, which improves the speed and efficiency of the traceback initiative,” the statement said. “This makes it easier for authorities to identify and prosecute illegal robocalls, while helping consumers be sure that callers are who they say they are. “

The statement went on to say that the company shares “our customers’ frustration with fraudulent and unwanted automated telephone solicitations and is committed to doing our part to end these annoying and harmful calls.”

YouMail said more than 4 billion automated calls were made over U.S. phone lines in September, including 84.4 million in Arizona. Calls in the state have fallen since 2019, when they peaked at $ 1.1 billion for the year, a drop Quilici attributes to law enforcement efforts to crack down on fraudulent calls.

Not all robocalls are illegal, but the ones that are can be costly and frustrating.

“A legal robocall is one that a consumer makes, such as an order, a child’s school is closed, or a plane flight is delayed,” Brown said. “Illegal robocalls are designed to defraud or commit fraud against a consumer. “

Automated callers often use caller ID spoofing, which allows callers to disguise their identity with a fake number. This includes what the FCC calls “neighborhood spoofing,” which makes it look like a scammer’s call is coming from a local phone number that people are more likely to answer.

RELATED STORY

Arizona companies named for role in hundreds of millions of fraudulent robocalls

YouMail found that 31% of robocalls in Arizona in September were from scammers.

“Besides being annoying, illegal robocalls cost Americans $ 3 billion a year in lost time and an additional $ 10 billion a year in fraud,” Brown said. “Illegal robocalls can have a significant financial impact on consumers and their credit. “

In a June statement, the FCC said the new standards should help identify bad actors.

“The implementation of caller ID authentication technology using STIR / SHAKEN standards will reduce the effectiveness of illegal identity theft, allow law enforcement to identify bad actors more easily and help voice service providers identify calls containing illegally spoofed caller ID information before those calls reach their subscribers. “, says the press release.

But Quilici said the FCC rules are just a step. Actual stopping of robocalls will require a combination of efforts, he said, as do consumers using apps to prevent robocalls, fraudster tracking systems, and authorities punishing scammers once. that they are caught.

“Regulation has never solved a technology problem,” he said. “The problem here is that it’s easy and cheap for almost anyone to make a lot of automated calls.

“You need enforcement, you need technology, you need consumers to change their behavior, and you need regulation. None of these will solve the problem on their own, ”Quilici said. “What you’ll see is that over time all of these things will put pressure on it to make it harder and harder for the bad guys to be successful.”

Copyright 2021 Cronkite News / Arizona Board of Regents. All rights reserved.


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Company Insiders Disguise Equity Sales With A Cautious Approach To Deter Predatory Short Sellers https://ibgplay.org/company-insiders-disguise-equity-sales-with-a-cautious-approach-to-deter-predatory-short-sellers/ https://ibgplay.org/company-insiders-disguise-equity-sales-with-a-cautious-approach-to-deter-predatory-short-sellers/#respond Thu, 07 Oct 2021 12:16:15 +0000 https://ibgplay.org/company-insiders-disguise-equity-sales-with-a-cautious-approach-to-deter-predatory-short-sellers/ Credit: Unsplash / CC0 Public domain Company directors, executives or major shareholders, fearing that their personal stock sales will trigger aggressive short selling from investors who follow their moves, disguise their trades with a cautious and incremental approach often spread over several days, according to a new study from the University of Bath. The School […]]]>

Credit: Unsplash / CC0 Public domain

Company directors, executives or major shareholders, fearing that their personal stock sales will trigger aggressive short selling from investors who follow their moves, disguise their trades with a cautious and incremental approach often spread over several days, according to a new study from the University of Bath.

The School of Management’s study confirmed concerns that business insiders are managing the size and timing of their actions to deter predatory short sellers. He found that regulators need to be aware of these prudent business strategies when trying to identify illegal insider trading.

Likewise, short sellers may benefit more from identifying these cautious trading strategies rather than simply reacting to aggressive one-off sales from company insiders. In short selling, an investor who thinks a stock is going to fall can borrow it and sell it in the open market, then buy it back for less money later to make a profit.

“Company insiders are legally permitted to buy and sell shares of the company and any subsidiaries that employ them once their transactions do not use material non-public information,” said Dr Hanwen. Sun from the School of Management.

“Nonetheless, it is difficult to decipher the trading activity of corporate insiders, who are widely considered to have an informational advantage over other shareholders or stock market participants. However, they are increasingly faced with challenges of sophisticated investors such as short sellers employing an ‘order flow trading strategy’, which is primarily based on insider advantage and reduces potential insider profits, ”she said .

Sun said there is growing evidence that short sellers learn from insider order flows and trade accordingly. This trend was forcing insiders to develop a more strategic approach to staying profitable, spreading their stock sales over several days rather than one big package over a single day.

“Our model predicts that insiders tend to adopt a conservative trading strategy – spreading their trades over time and reducing initial sales – when they expect short sellers to use order flows. to predict trading patterns. Their goal is to mask these order flows and frustrate these markets. players, ”she said.

Sun said the research suggested that sales of additional shares by directors, officers or major shareholders of the company may reflect private information that has not yet been revealed in the price. “A careful sale over several days can help hide transactions based on insider knowledge,” she said.

Sun said the empirical evidence and results were built using the recording of all registered corporate insider sales from 2010 to 2019 on Thomson Reuters, as well as short daily volumes from the Financial Industry. Regulatory Authority (FINRA), a private company that acts as a self-entrepreneur. – regulator of member brokerage firms and stock markets. The study found that 84% of insider trading strategies were “aggressive”: sales made in one day, while the rest were “cautious”: sales made in consecutive days.

The study also looked at EDGAR search volume right after insider reports. EDGAR, the electronic data collection, analysis and retrieval system, performs the automated collection, validation, indexing, acceptance and transmission of submissions by businesses and others who are required by law to file forms with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). .

The EDGAR SEC Server keeps log files for all web visits and each log file provides the IP (Internet Protocol) address of the request. He found that, on average, conservative strategies received 1.20 more IP visits in the first two days since insider filing, and that these excessive IP visits were associated with short high volumes over the five days following IP visits.

“These results help us further support our hypothesis that short sellers are actively exploiting insider selling trading opportunities,” Sun said.


Insider trading can signal a successful merger


More information:
Dingwei Gu et al, Strategic Insider Trading: Concealing Order Flows to Avoid Business Competition, Corporate finance review (2021). DOI: 10.1016 / j.jcorpfin.2021.101891

Provided by the University of Bath

Quote: Corporate Insiders Disguise Equity Sales With A Cautious Approach To Deterring Predatory Short Sellers (2021, October 7) Retrieved October 7, 2021 from https://phys.org/news/2021-10 -corporate-insiders-disguise-sales-cautious.html

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