Fighting transnational crime requires greater global cooperation
TTransnational organized crime (COT) is becoming an increasingly global problem that will require international and interagency coordination, network analysis and information sharing on a global scale. Drug trafficking accounts for 30 percent of COT revenues.
It also includes a wide range of other criminal activities such as human trafficking, arms smuggling, migrant smuggling, counterfeit products, environmental crime, cybercrime, unreported and unregulated illegal fishing. (INN) and money laundering. COT groups rarely limit themselves to a single criminal activity, instead maximizing profits while minimizing risk.
TOC is today one of the root causes of human suffering and socio-economic instability. It undermines regional and global governance and threatens public health and safety. COT is run by transnational criminal and drug trafficking organizations that participate in a range of illegal enterprises.
These criminal networks respect neither borders nor laws. They move their illicit goods along extensive and resilient supply chains. In short, it will take an agile global network to defeat an agile global network. Like modern warfare, TOC is transnational, multifunctional, and multidomain. So too must the nature and character of the means used to combat TOC, given that it is a persistent global problem. Efforts to combat TOC must continue to evolve in order to minimize its impact.
Combating TOC requires not only a counter-network, but an agile global network of international, regional and interagency security law enforcement partners working together to disrupt and degrade transnational crime and trafficking organizations. drugs and curb their illicit operations and activities.
The establishment of such an interconnected network requires the sharing of information for a shared knowledge of the situation, the transmission of actionable intelligence for collective actions, the coordination and improvement of the capacities and capacities of each partner in charge of the ‘law application. Connecting separate parts of the network to take quick and decisive action is critical to the success of the fight against TOC.
Tackling TOC also requires a holistic and unified business approach to cut across the many parties involved for greater effectiveness and efficiency. Increased efforts are also needed to strengthen cooperation on mutual legal assistance protocols in criminal matters in order to advance cross-border criminal investigations. This should include addressing capabilities and gaps to identify business solutions. Efforts to combat TOC should also streamline structures and processes to enable synchronized, distributed, and integrated law enforcement operations and activities across the integrated world and interconnected domains for unity of effort.
Another key mechanism to improve anti-TOC efforts is to perform smart network analysis to better target transnational criminal groups and drug traffickers. This involves determining COT vulnerabilities using methods such as the existing cargo scan capability that targets vulnerable transport nodes. Governments need to select and prioritize organizations to target and execute TOC operations that undermine TOC networks and enablers.
Finally, the TOC counter must also invest in the necessary tools to expand counter threat funding and enable threat finance intelligence capabilities, thereby improving the ability to target cash flow of crime organizations. transnational and drug trafficking. It is essential to follow the money, otherwise the fight against TOC becomes a reactive and endless exercise.
Cyberspace and information realms offer promising non-kinetic actions, increasing the range of tools that can be used against threat networks. Instead of relying solely on the kinetic actions of U.S. and foreign law enforcement partners to disrupt the global supply chain of a transnational criminal organization, efforts to counter COT should take advantage of the growing capabilities of the cyberspace and information from the United States and allied countries to further stem illicit operations and activities.
Cyberspace and the potential cognitive effects to modify illicit behavior include the surreptitious disruption and degradation of the flow of illicit goods and commodities and the stealthy conduct of information operations to sow confusion, friction and conflict between different transnational criminal organizations. The strategic agility and operational flexibility of cyberspace actions and information operations offer more promising results than the options traditionally available.
Persistent operations in cyberspace will also help network analysts better identify, understand, illuminate and target threat networks that increasingly use information systems to conduct and mask criminal activity in the globalized economy. today. Ever-evolving transnational criminal organizations have considerable funds to circumvent law enforcement tools and actions globally, underscoring the imperative to develop future capabilities to keep pace with the persistent threat.
Combating TOC requires partnerships at all levels and in many countries and regions. Like climate change, COT is an opportunity for the international community to unite against an increasingly unacceptable common problem and global threat. Inappropriate action or inaction leads to more unnecessary human suffering and socio-economic instability and further weakens the rules-based global order that has provided global security and prosperity for more than 70 years.
(Tuan Pham is a strategic thinker and strategist widely published in national security affairs. The opinions expressed here are his own. This article was first published by the East Asia Forum).