Japan: ruling party launches review of national security strategy

A defense panel for the ruling Liberal Democratic Party in Japan on Monday began discussing a review of the national security strategy for the first time since its passage in 2013, including the possibility of introducing strike capabilities. enemy bases.

Along with reviewing the country’s diplomacy and long-term defense strategy, the panel also seeks to discuss and update two other key documents on strengthening defense – the National Defense Program Guidelines. and the medium-term defense agenda – after Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said in a policy speech earlier this month that the government will aim to renew all three policy documents in about a year.

With China’s growing assertion in waters close to Japan and North Korea’s resumption of ballistic missile testing, Kishida said Japan faces a worrying security situation and pledges to consider “all of them. options ”for strengthening the country’s defense, including acquiring the ability to strike enemy bases in response to an impending attack.

The panel aims to come up with a proposal around May next year after a series of discussions and hearings with experts. The proposal will serve as the basis for the revision of the documents.

The National Security Strategy, which spans the other two policy documents, was developed like the United States.

The National Defense Program Guidelines were first formulated in 1976 as Basic Defense Guidelines and revised five times between 1995 and 2018. The Medium Term Defense Program is based on this guideline , specifying development plans and necessary expenditures for all five years, with the current plan. covering fiscal years 2019 to 2023.

The review of the national security strategy will also focus on economic security related to the development of essential advanced technologies and the establishment of supply chains for strategic goods.

The panel will also discuss new areas of defense of outer space, cyberspace and the electromagnetic spectrum.

The Defense Ministry set up its own group of senior officials from the Ministry and the Self-Defense Force last month to conduct a series of discussions regarding the revision of the three documents.

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